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Saint Teresa of Avila and the Inquisition

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Teresa and the Inquisition

As Teresa was growing deeper and deeper in her journey with the Lord, she went about her everyday life, fully living out her commitment to her vocation as a Nun, as well as to her immediate family. But this was to become a time of struggle of the worst kind, a time when she was to suffer one of her most painful temptations. She was plagued with doubts she had never had before: that her mystical experiences might be the work and deception of the devil.

It was a time of fear! The Inquisition, established under King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella but long dormant under Charles the Fifth, was suddenly resurrected by an incident which was to ignite fires best left extinguished. There was a Nun whose reputation for holiness extended even to the Crown. People, faithful to the Church, came from far and near on pilgrimage, to ask for her prayers, taking back with them objects she had touched, as relics. Members of the royal family held her holiness in such high regard, they would ask her to pray and intercede with our Lord Jesus for them. Her reputation of intense fasting and sacrifice was accompanied by a claim she had received the Stigmata8 from Our Lord Jesus. The Nun, Magdalena de la Cruz, further let it be known she lived strictly on the Consecrated Host, requiring no other nourishment to sustain life.

The Inquisition, becoming suspicious, arrested and questioned Magdalena, whereupon she made a confession so diabolical that it lead to her imprisonment. She told the inquisitors in Cordoba that she was not a Catholic, but an Alumbrada, a secret sect exposed a generation before by the Inquisition. It was an anti-Christian secret society which had been crippling Europe by undermining Christ's teachings and His Call for unity under the one true Cross.

Today, as we are being insidiously attacked from within and without by a wide-spread, dangerous heresy, which has been given the name of New Age, the characteristics of the Alumbrados sound suspiciously familiar.

The Alumbrados sect was likewise oriental in origin, stemming from Buddhism. As with today's sects, it advocated the soul escaping from all reality and involvement, delving into itself to the exclusion of everyone and everything about it, seeking and achieving a state of nothingness, the mind completely blank. Today, people who have escaped from modern-day cults, speak of the many who lost their minds as a result of this type of mind-bending meditation. Psychiatrists say to give up complete control of the mind is to very possibly flirt with madness. The result is annihilation of the individual conscience and one's individual personality, and ultimately death. Many of the heresies throughout the ages, although espousing they were Christian, were influenced by oriental philosophy, in that some denied tthe True Presence of Jesus in the Eucharist, others His Divinity, yet others the Holy Trinity, advocating reliance on feelings and intuition, rather than the true teachings of the Catholic Church.

The Alumbrados, closely allied with the devil, used his devious tactics; they took Christian expressions and truths and distorted them using them against Christ and His followers. Following the pattern of other heretics, they taught that only God was to be obeyed, that Jesus had not delegated others to guide and lead the Church to Him and His Father. They advocated distrust and fear of everyone who did not believe in their false doctrines. They promoted disobedience and unfaithfulness. If an Alumbrada was married, she was to detest the Sacrament of Matrimony. If she was a Religious, she was to avoid other Religious who would not embrace the Alumbrado doctrine, lest they attempt to lead her back to Jesus and His Church.

Magdalena de la Cruz confessed to being a devil-worshiper. She had been induced by the devil, at seven years of age, to feign holiness and the wounds of the Stigmata. At eleven, with the help of two demons who visited her periodically, she had administered the wounds on her hands, feet and side, imitating the Wounds of Our Beloved Lord Jesus.9 She recounted how she had become quite adept at affecting trances where she became impervious to the pricks of needles and other forms of testing. She had been able to deceive everyone into believing she lived only on the Sacred Host for twelve years, until one day food was discovered hidden in her cell at the Convent.

As incredulous as it may seem, although everyone who ever met Teresa could plainly see she was humble and sincere, she soon fell under suspicion. Townspeople began to whisper she was like Magdalena de la Cruz. The problem with false mystics like Magdalena is that they could very cleverly imitate the outward signs of a true mystic like Teresa. Although Teresa was long free from any need to receive approval from the world, she began to doubt her gifts, to believe the townspeople might be right. Suppose she had been deceived by the evil one! She brought this fear to a Priest she highly respected. This questioning of herself alone, should have been proof she was not an Alumbrada, as they were hardly known for any type of humility or sincerity.

Her friends, who loved her, began to conjecture on whether Teresa's gifts were from God or the devil. A person whose opinions she valued, suggested she seek spiritual advice from an exemplary Priest known for his love of the Blessed Sacrament and for bringing many back to the Church. He was reputed to be a truly dependable and holy Priest. Because of her humility, and always striving for perfection, she confessed what she called her terrible imperfections. The Priest, concluding the Lord would not give favors, such as she spoke of, to someone with all her faults, ordered her to give up all forms of Mental Prayer.

Bob and Penny Lord are renowned Catholic authors and television hosts on EWTN, Global Catholic television. They are prolific writers about the Catholic faith, especially the Saints for which they have been dubbed "experts on the Saints." For more information about Saint Teresa of Avila go to http://www.bobandpennylord.com/St_Teresa_of_Avila.htm

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Bob and Penny Lord
Catholic Faith - Saints
joseph@bobandpennylord.com
Bob and Penny Lord's web site

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